Mr. Peabody Says:
This may be a companion to #11, which is also a “church sonata”. In such symphonies all movements are in the same key and alternate between slow and fast for four movements.
- 2 oboes
- 2 horns
Haydn composed a few early symphonies that had four movements that went slow – fast – slow – fast. This form is called a “”church sonata”, but by the time of Haydn it was not played in churches. So when you see the first movement marked “adagio”, and it’s long, the symphony is probably a church sonata. Symphony No. 11 is similar.
The opening slow movement and the trio in the third movement feature very high horn parts. Such horn parts are incredibly difficult to play, so the horn players who worked for Haydn must have been incredibly good. Since those horn players had to used natural horns – no valves – their skill was off the chart.
Morzin or Esterhazy?
This is believed to have been written between 1760 and 1762, so the time of composition is not exact. So Haydn wrote this either at the end of his time with Morzin or right when he started his new job.