WEDNESDAY, October 21, 2020 – 8:04 AM
Symphony No. 100 (MILITARY) in G major, age 61-62
This is the eighth of the twelve London symphonies written by Joseph Haydn and completed in 1793 or 1794. It is popularly known as the Military Symphony.
- 0:27 Adagio – Allegro, G major: A slow intro is followed by typical sonata form.
- 7:37 Allegretto, C major: This is a very unusual movement with trumpet fanfares and unusual percussion which you will see and hear HERE. Then HERE they are again! Now, where are they going HERE? Coffee break? Rest room break? Early flight? Pay attention. They come back later!
- 12:28 Menuetto: Moderato, G major: Haydn’s minuets tended to speed up as he aged, and you can hear the style getting closer and closer to what Beethoven eventually moved do, fast-paced scherzos.
- 17:34 Presto, G major: Typical jaunty Haydn seems to be the first thing you notice, another toe-tapper. It’s a rondo, so you keep hearing a theme played again and again with different ideas sandwiched in between. It’s in a very fast 6/8 time signature. And there is more unusual percussion here. Those percussion guys are back!
- two flutes, two oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons
- two horns, two trumpets
- timpani, triangle, cymbals, bass drum
The nickname “Military” derives from the second movement and the end of the final. There are important trumpet fanfares, and one reminds me of the beginning of the “Wedding March” by Mendelssohn.
It was typical in this time period and long after to use only timpani in the percussion section, so the addition of triangle, cymbals and a bass drum is quite unusual and a lot of fun to listen to.